Cold chain logistics distribution is an important part of urban logistics, mainly in the urban distribution category of fresh food and some pharmaceutical products. In order to ensure food and drug safety, it is necessary to choose cold chain logistics distribution in the entire cold chain.
As a large agricultural country, China has abundant cold chain logistics capital. Together, as a country with a large international population and the largest consumer group, the potential demand for cold chain logistics malls is endless. At present, China's various meat output values rank first in the world. In 2013, the total national meat output value was 85.36 million tons, accounting for 30% of the international total output value. In the meantime, pork output value was 54.93 million tons, accounting for half of the total international output value. China produced 14.926.8 million soft drinks in 2013, an increase of 14.61% compared with the same period in 2012. The scale of beverage and frozen beverage malls is constantly expanding, with unlimited development potential. China's quick-frozen food has been expanding at a rate of 20% per year since 1995. In the past three years, it has expanded extremely at a rate of 35% per year, which is much higher than the global rate of 9%. At present, there are more than 2,500 types of quick-frozen food production plants nationwide, with an annual output value of more than 20 million tons. China is the world's largest producer of fruit and vegetables, and the largest producer and distributor of dairy products. Demand for cold chain logistics malls is extremely strong.
Faced with the endless demand of China's cold chain delivery malls, China's current level of cold chain logistics development is seriously lagging. According to estimates by experts, the loss rate of fruits and vegetables in the circulation of China is as high as 25-30%, about 90% meat, 80% aquatic Many milk and soy products are basically not guaranteed by cold chain logistics. The current cold chain delivery rate in China is 10-20%, while developed countries such as Europe, the United States, and Japan have reached 80-90%. Of the 338,000 tons of railway vehicles in operation nationwide, refrigerated vehicles accounted for only 2%, less than 7,000. Cold chain shipments account for only 25% of the volume of perishable goods and less than 1% of total rail freight. The share of cold-chain transport cars in freight cars in China is only 0.3%, compared with 0.8% to 1% in the United States, 2.5% to 2.8% in the United Kingdom, and 2% to 3% in Germany. The endless demand for cold-chain transport and the low level of cold-chain transport are in opposition. At present, the level of cold chain logistics in China is far from satisfying the needs of shopping malls.